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How to Create a Hummingbird Garden Habitat

A good Hummingbird Garden takes more than just Flowers for the Hummingbirds

Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird

April 3,1999
What flowers are good to plant to have hummingbirds visit your flower garden.
My mother has an Angles trumpet that she has a hummingbird visit.
Are there other flowers I can plant? Thank you for your time..

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Aside from the nectar filled flowers which you will grow, a good hummingbird garden must also consist of an entire habitat for the birds. Make certain that there will always be a source of fresh clean water available for drinking as well as for bathing.
Create both sun and shade areas within your hummingbird habitat. Your hummingbirds need places in the shade to perch on as well as to build their nests on!
Willows and Eucalyptus trees provide much of the nesting materials which your hummingbirds will use, along with collected bits of leaves, spider webs, moss, and lichens to build their tiny nests. Hummingbirds must feed 3-5 times per hour to provide enough energy to keep your hummingbirds going. Once they have chosen your garden to nest in, they may becomecompletely reliant on your garden for for their source of food. There may be periods of time when there are no blossoms available for them to collect natural nectar. For that reason it is a good idea to provide supplemental hummingbird feeders, hung about thirty feet apart throughout your garden.

Hummingbird Feeders

  • The best color for your feeder is bright red to attract the birds from a distance.
  • Never fill your feeders with anything but sugar-water mix of 1 part sugar to 4 parts water.
  • Do not use food coloring of any kind!
  • Never, ever, ever use honey (Honey can develop a fungus which can be fatal to hummingbirds)
  • Always keep your feeders clean and filled!

Hummingbird Flowers and Plants

Keep in mind that hummingbirds are attracted to flower colors and nectar, not fragrance. Some cultivated hybrids produce less nectar than their wild counterparts, but they still make excellent additions to your hummingbird habitat garden.
Perennials Perennials Annuals Bulbs Vines Shrubs Trees
Bee balm
Monarda didyma
Butterfly weed
Ascelpias tuberosa
Mountain garland
Clarkia elegans
Tuberous Begonia
Begonia
Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea
Abelia
Abelia grandiflora
Tuberous Begonias   Begonias need bright, filtered light, with maximum light in winter. Allow the soil to only dry slightly between waterings. Provide additional humidity
Columbine Aquilegia 12-18" Columbines are a favorite flower for hummingbirds, and are excellent additions to rock gardens or in a native woodland planting 3-9 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the dayThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditionsSome or all parts of this plant may be toxic or poisonous
Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalis Columbine
Aquilegia
Four-o'-clock
Mirabilis jalapa
Canna
Canna
Cardinal climber
Ipomoea quamoclit
Azalea
Rhododendron
Azalea Rhododendron Azaleas must be grown in an acid soil, with a pH of 5.0 to 6.5. They will not tolerate lime.
Morning Glories Ipomoea Fast growing annual vine, readily reseed themselves for the next year.
Coral Bells Heuchera sanguinea 12-18" Glossy, 3 inch, deeply lobed green to purple leaves; clusters of scarlet flowers on a stout 15" red stems in early-mid Spring 6-9 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the day This plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditions
Coral bells
Heuchera sanguinea
Cosmos
Cosmos
Touch-me-not
Impatiens
Gladiola
Gladiolus
Flame vine
Pyrostegia venusta
Bottlebrush
Callistemon lanceolatus
Cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus Cosmos are extremely heat and drought tolerant.They like full sun and do well in poor, unfertile soil
Chocolate Cosmos Cosmos atrosanguineus The dark maroon flowers appear on wirey 18 inch stems from June until frost and produce a pleasant chocolate scent
Dahlia
Dahlia
Delphinium
Delphinium elatum
Flowering tobacco
Nicotiana alata
Iris
Iris
Honeysuckle
Lonicera
Butterfly bush
Buddleia davidii
Butterfly bush Buddleia davidii The Butterfly Bush will grow up to 15' tall in almost any type of soil. Plant in full sun or light shade.
Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens May need support when first starting out, profuse evergreen bloomers. Great for hummingbirds.
" title="Photograph of a Goldflame Honeysuckle">Goldflame Honeysuckle Lonicera heckrottii  
Dahlias Dahlia Dahlia plants range in height from as low as 12 inches to as tall as 6-8 feet. The flowers can be as small as 2 inches or up to a foot in diameter.
Bears Breeches Acanthus spinosus 4 ft. Large spined leaves 7-10 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the day This plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic watering
Flame acanthus
Acanthus mollis
Foxglove
Digitalis purpurea (Biennial)
Nasturtium
Tropaeolum majus
Montbretia
Crocosmia
Lantana
Lantana
Catoneaster
Catoneaster
Foxgloves Digitalis purpurea 3-6 ft. Foxgloves prefer moist, well draining, fertile soil but can survive drought and almost any growing conditions. 4-9 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the dayThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic wateringThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditions
Fuchsia Fuchsia 1-4 ft. Fuchsia care is often determined by where you live and your climate. Fuchsias can be seed grown or struck from softwood cuttings 7 This plant requires shade during the heat of the dayThis plant may not tolerate any direct sunlightThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic wateringThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditions
Fuchsia
Fuchsia tricolor
Geranium
Pelargonium
Petunia
Petunia hybrida
  Rosary vine
Ceropegia woodii
Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus
Hollyhock
Althea rosea (biennial)
Lupine
Lupinus hybrids
Spider flower
Cleome hasslerana
  Trumpet creeper
Campis grandiflora
Flowering currant
Ribes odoratum
Red Flowering Currant Ribes sanguineum Flowering Currants produces clusters of red flowers which attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees, and berries to be eaten by birds.
Monkeyflower
Penstemon
Penstemon
Zinnia
Zinnia
  Trumpet Vine
Bignonia tagliabuana
Flowering Quince
Chaenomeles
Creeping Zinnia Sanvitalia procumbens Creeping Zinnia is a bright little yellow flowering annual plant. They should be planted in rich, well draining soil, in full sun.
Beard Tongue Penstemon Barbatus 12-24" Tubular flowers in red, pink, purple, or white will be sure to attract butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. 4-9 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the dayThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic watering
Pineleaf Penstemon Penstemon pinifolius 10-18" Dark orange flowers, needle-like foliage; blooms June to September 7 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires shade during the heat of the dayThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic watering
Red hot poker
Kniphofia uvaria
Sage
Salvia officinalis
      Fuchsia tree
Fuchsia arborescens
Perennial Sage Salvia nemorosa 3 ft. Narrow erect plant with irregular leaves, spikes of small purple to white blooms in the Summer 5-10 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the day This plant requires shade during the heat of the day This plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic watering Once established these plants require little supplemental watering
Speedwell Veronica prostrata 8"-12" Forms mat of woody stems and saw-toothed leaves; spikes of small blue flowers in early Summer, Hummingbird flower 5-9 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditions
Scarlet sage
Salvia splendens
Speedwell
Veronica hybrids
      Hibiscus
Hibiscus
Verbena
Verbena
        Lilac
Syringa
Lilacs Syringa vulgaris 5-8 ft. Lilacs require full sun for maximum bloom. They prefer a slightly alkaline soil (pH 7.5). 3-7 This plant grows best with full sun for most of the day This plant requires shade during the heat of the day This plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic watering
          Mimosa (silk tree)
Albizia julibrissin
          Strawberry tree
Arbutus unedo
          Wild lilac
Ceanothus griseus
          Weigela
Weigela rosea