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How to Grow and Care for Violet Plants in Your Garden

Viola

This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires or will tolerate shade during the heat of the dayThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic wateringThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditionsButterfly FlowerWhite flowering plantPink flowering plantYellow flowering plantblue flowering plantPurple flowering plantorange flowering plantA photograph is availableHow to Use the Plant Care Icons at The Garden Helper
Sinclair the Garden Gnome The Smiling Face on each tiny Violet Flower
will brighten every corner of your garden!

There are almost 500 different species of Viola,
which include annuals, biennials, and both tender and hardy perennials.
The Canadian Violet, Viola canadensis, forms rounded 12" clumps of heart shaped leaves.
Produces white, ¾" flowers with yellow eyes in the spring. Hardy in zones 3-8
Sweet Violets, Viola odorata, grow 3"-6" tall and will spread by rhizomes to about 18". Produces very fragrant, ¾" white, blue or lavender flowers from late winter, into spring. Hardy in zones 6-10
Johnny Jump Ups, Viola tricolor, are annuals or short lived perennials that grow singly from 3"-5" tall and produce 1", purple, yellow white face-like flowers from late spring until fall. Hardy in zones 4-10
Pansys, Viola x wittrockiana, are cool weather annual plants that typically grow 6"-9" tall. They produce 2"-4", sometimes ruffled, solid or multi-colored flowers through the spring and into summer.

Growing requirements for Violas

Most species of Violets grow best in full sun, provided that they recieve sufficient moisture.
They will tolerate periods of shade throughout the day.
In hot regions, they should only be planted where they will receive light shade.
Viola odorata should only be grown in partial shade in most regions, and in full shade in hot climates.
All Violas prefer moist, rich, well-drained soil.
Mulch them in the summer to keep the soil cool and moist.
Fertilize sparingly when the first flowers begin to form.

Growing Violet Plants from Seed

Viola seeds require darkness for germination so be sure to cover them well!
Seeds can be sown directly into the garden at anytime from spring through fall. Fall planted seeds will germinate the following spring.
Violet seeds can be started indoors at mid winter.
You may want to sow your seeds in moistened growing medium and place the covered flat in your refrigerator for several days prior to germination for faster results, but this step is not required.
Maintain a temperature of 70° within the growing medium.
Germination will take from 10 to 20 days.
Purple and Yellow Johnny Jump Ups in Bloom, Viola tricolor
Johnny Jump Ups
Viola tricolor
Purple and White Pansies in the Garden, Viola x wittrockiana
Pansy
Viola x wittrockiana