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How to Grow and Care for the Chilean Mitre Flower

Mitraria coccinea

This plant grows best with full sun for most of the dayThis plant requires or will tolerate shade during the heat of the dayThis plant will tolerate some drought, but benefits from periodic wateringThis plant needs a thorough, deep weekly watering, Double icons require boggy or wet conditionsHousePlant IconHummingbird PlantButterfly FlowerBird Plant or FlowerRed flowering plantorange flowering plantMitraria coccineaHow to Use the Plant Care Icons at The Garden Helper
The Chilean Mitre Flower is a gorgeous creeping and climbing, loosely branching, evergreen sub-shrub from the cool rainforests of Chile. Mitre Flower plants have glossy, dark green, 1"-1½" toothed leaves arranged in pairs along woody stems that can easily reach 6 feet.
From late spring until fall they produce an abundance of intensely colored, scarlet-orange,
tubular 1½" flowers with a soft, velvety texture. The flowers are followed by glossy red, ½" berry-like fruit.
Chilean Mitre Flowers can be allowed to creep along the ground, climb on a fence or trellis,
or just have them cascade down from a hanging basket.

Growing Mitre Flowers as House Plants

Chilean Mitre Flowers make excellent house plants, provided that they receive bright, indirect light and are grown in a cool (65°-70°) room. They should should be planted in a quality potting mix that has a high peat moss content with perlite added for drainage.
Mitre Flowers resent transplanting, but when it becomes necessary, water the plant thoroughly before starting, and take care not to disturb the roots any more than is absolutely necessary.
Keep the soil evenly moist, but never soggy. City water is treated with chemicals for your safety,
however plants don't like chlorine or fluoride, so it's a very good idea to allow the water to sit in an open container (un-capped milk bottle) for at least 24 hours prior to using it on your house plants.
This also allows the water to warm up to room temperature.
Feed your Mitre Flower every 6-8 weeks when it is actively growing, using a good, soluble fertilizer
that has been formulated specifically for flowering house plants. Always follow label directions!
Remove spent flowers and dead foliage regularly. Prune as needed to keep the plant tidy.
Watch out for spider mites and whiteflies.
Fleur the Garden Pixie

Growing Requirements for Chilean Mitre Flowers

Chilean Mitre Flower plants are only hardy in USDA zones 9-11. They are happiest where temperatures remain below 85°, with cooler nights. Ideally, they should be grown where they will receive sun in the morning and partial shade during the heat of the afternoon. Plant them in evenly moist, slightly acidic but well-drained soil that has been enriched with a generous amount of well decayed compost at planting time.
Feed every two months when actively growing, with a Rhododendron type fertilizer. Always follow label directions!
Take precautions to protect your Mitre Flower from slugs and snails.
Watch out for spider mites, ants and whiteflies.

Propagating Chilean Mitre Flowers and Growing them from Seed

Mitre Flowers are easily propagated with 6"-8" tip cuttings taken in early summer and struck in a moist mixture of peat moss and perlite.

Another easy way of propagating new Mitre Flower plants is by simple layering. Using a piece of stiff wire bent into a U, pin a stem to the ground about 6"-12" from the tip. Cover the pinned area with moist soil. Once the layering is well rooted it can be severed from the parent and replanted elsewhere in the garden.

Mitre Flower seeds have a very low germination rate of about 25%. Seeds should be sown directly in the garden in late fall, while they are still fresh.

Chilean Mitre Flower
Mitraria coccinea
The Flowers of a Chilean Mitre Flower, Mitraria coccinea A Chilean Mitre Flower Blooming in a Greenhouse